The Paris Agreement, which is also known as the Paris Climate Accord, was established on December 12, 2015, during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris, France. The Paris Agreement is a historic international treaty that aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Paris Agreement is the result of many years of negotiations and collaboration between countries and organizations that are concerned about the drastic impacts of climate change. The agreement was signed by 195 countries, making it the first-ever universal agreement on climate change.

The primary aim of the Paris Agreement is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, which are responsible for global warming and climate change. The agreement also aims to increase the ability of countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change, such as sea-level rise, extreme weather events, and food shortages.

One of the significant aspects of the Paris Agreement is the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are self-determined targets that each country sets for itself to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These NDCs are expected to be reviewed and updated every five years to ensure that the global community can monitor progress and adjust their commitments accordingly.

Moreover, the Paris Agreement also includes provisions for developed countries to provide financial and technological support to developing countries to help them take climate action and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement was established in 2015 as a historic international treaty with the aim of limiting global warming and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. It is a result of many years of negotiations and collaboration between countries and organizations that are concerned about climate change. The Paris Agreement is a significant step towards a global effort to combat climate change and protect our planet for future generations.